This Goshen point was
discovered in the bison bone bed during the excavation of the Mill Iron
site. It's atypical in form
because it has a base that is almost straight, It has only the slightest
This point is
described by Frison & Bradley as being, "in some ways, an extraordinary
point." They believe that it was probably made from the mid-section of what
would have been the largest point in the assemblage. They also describe it
as being flat lens shaped in cross-section. Pressure flaking scars are
shallow and difficult to distinguish from one another on one side and
slightly more distinct on the other. The edges in the hafting area, on the
base and sides, are steeply retouched with pressure flaking and heavily
ground. This has the effect of making it almost look stemmed. The material
was not identified. It measures 2 3/16 inches (5.5 cm) long.
MILL IRON SITE
The Mill iron site is
located in Carter County, Montana in the southeastern part of the state.
It's now believed that it represents the Goshen Cultural Complex as it was
described at the Hell Gap site in southeastern Wyoming. There are now five
accelerator dates on the site that average over 11,000 years before present.
It remains to be proven if Goshen is a Clovis variant or if it should be
placed somewhere between Clovis and Folsom.
Picture of opposite side of point illustrated above, showing random flaking.