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Top view of bird effigy pipe showing bowl and engraved feathers.
HOPEWELL BIRD EFFIGY PIPE
MADISON COUNTY, ILLINOIS
PRIVATE COLLECTION

   This view from above shows the bowl and some of the engraved feathers on the tail.
   Pipe smoking seems to have been an important part of Hopewell Society and might have compared, in some ways, to more recent native American cultures where pipe smoking during council sessions was a standard practice.

Front view of Hopewell bird effigy pipe.  Drilled stem view of Hopewell pipe.
HOPEWELL BIRD EFFIGY PIPE
MADISON COUNTY, ILLINOIS
PRIVATE COLLECTION

   These two views, one of the front and the other of the end of the drilled stem, shows more of the detailed engraving and drilling that was carved into this ancient pipe. The eyes of some of these pipes still contain freshwater pearls as this one may have had when it was made. The shape of the beak seems to indicate that the bird carved on this pipe is meant to represent a seed eating bird such as a finch. This pipe was made of red catlinite.

Top view of Hopewell frog effigy pipe showing bowl.
HOPEWELL FROG EFFIGY PIPE
CALHOUN COUNTY, ILLINOIS
PRIVATE COLLECTION

   This view from above shows some of the engraving and the bowl of the pipe where the tobacco was placed.
   Reptile effigy Hopewell pipes such as snakes and frogs are more rare than bird effigy pipes. 

Drilled stem view of Hopewell frog effigy pipe.
HOPEWELL FROG EFFIGY PIPE--STEM HOLE
CALHOUN COUNTY, ILLINOIS
PRIVATE COLLECTION

   This view shows the end of the stem through which the smoke was breathed into the persons lungs. Drilled stem holes on Hopewell pipes are not very large in diameter.

Front view of Hopewell frog effigy pipe showing engraving on head.
HOPEWELL FROG EFFIGY PIPE
CALHOUN COUNTY, ILLINOIS
PRIVATE COLLECTION

   This view from the front shows more of the detailed engraving. The eyes were probably originally inlayed with pearls.

Hopewell goose effigy platform pipe.
CLICK ON PICTURE FOR  LARGE IMAGE
HOPEWELL GOOSE EFFIGY PIPE
IOWA
BOBBY ONKEN COLLECTION

   This rare Goose Effigy pipe is larger than most Hopewell pipes. This one measures 4 3/4 inches long. The front end of the stem has been restored. It was found by Don Simonson while surface collecting on a Hopewell site north of Burlington, Iowa.
   This pipe is pictured on page 180 in "Legends of Prehistoric Art, Vol. I" by Bobby Onken, 2000. The book is 260 pages with 200 in color. Many of the artifacts are from "old time" collections. It can be ordered from Legends of Prehistoric Art, Box 240, Manito, IL 61546. 309-968-7083. $100. plus $5.00 shipping.

Hopewell curved base monitor pipe.
CLICK ON PICTURE FOR  LARGE IMAGE
CURVED BASE MONITOR HOPEWELL PIPE
FULTON COUNTY, ILLINOIS
BOBBY ONKEN COLLECTION

   This is one of the finest Hopewell pipes of the type. It was found prior to 1933 during excavation of the Liverpool Mound Group in Fulton County, Illinois. The excavation was done by Don F. Dickson. This pipe is made of olive green spotted pipestone.
   This pipe is pictured on the back of the front cover in "Legends of Prehistoric Art, Vol. I" by Bobby Onken, 2000. The book is 260 pages with 200 in color. Many of the artifacts are from "old time" collections. It can be ordered from Legends of Prehistoric Art, Box 240, Manito, IL 61546. 309-968-7083. $100. plus $5.00 shipping.

"REFERENCES"


1848, "Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley," by
E.G. Squire and E.H. Davis, pp. 251-273.
1934, "Tobacco, Pipes and Smoking Customs of the American Indians part I," by George A. West, pp. 166 & 167.
1937, "Rediscovering Illinois," by Fay-Cooper Cole and Thorne Deuel, pp. 173.

1996, "The Oxford Companion To Archaeology," by Brian M. Fagan, pp. 190.
2000, "Legends of Prehistoric Art, Vol. I," by Bobby Onken, pp180.

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