MOUND 72 POINTS
The picture below shows a large number of some of the best examples of Cahokia
points ever found on the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Most of the
points in this picture were excavated from Mound 72 in 1967 through 1971.
Approximately two thirds of this mound was excavated and at least 1200
arrow points were discovered. Most of them were Cahokia points of various
types. But a large number of them were styles originating from other areas
outside the immediate
Cahokia complex. Approximately 115 were made of translucent red, orange
and yellow Kaolin chert. Most of the classic Cahokia point types found
there were made of white Burlington chert. Many of the points were very
stylized versions of standard Cahokia types and similar examples have not
been found outside of this excavation.
This is one of the best collections of documented Cahokia points in a private collection. Almost all of these points are pictured in various publications going all the way back to Mooreheads "The Cahokia Mounds" in 1929. There are only about 100 very well made and complete Cahokia points that are known to local collectors in the area around Cahokia. These are the ones that have been tracked through time since before much of the Cahokia Mounds state park of today was purchased by the state of Illinois and early surface collectors like Joe Walta surface collected in the fields around the mounds.----The point in the center is made of bone.
These four Cahokia points were found on or near the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. To take this picture these points were borrowed from four different collections. The white point to the left is in the Southern Illinois University of Edwardsville museum's collection. The other three are in private collections. The two examples on the right are made of bone. Bone arrow points from this site are very rare. There are probably only two or three dozen examples known to exist.
"THE CLAY BALL CACHE"
This cache of double and triple notched Cahokia points were discovered
sometime in the fifties or sixties. They were found by a Mr. Hampton who
dug a hole for a septic tank in a subdivision on the Cahokia Mounds Site.
These houses have since been torn down and the subdivision land is now
part of the state park. In a shovel of clay he found a cache of 33 Cahokia
points. According to Bill Fecht who purchased the unbroken points there
were only about a dozen or so that were not broken. Bill said that some of
the damage was caused by the neighborhood kids playing with them. Most of
the points in this cache were thin and of the finest workmanship.
THE AVERAGE CAHOKIA POINT
This group of 96 Cahokia points were picked up over the years by Ed Rouch on his farm before it became part of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. They represent typical examples of Cahokia points from this area. Large numbers of these more crudely made points were picked up before one of the so called "Gempoints" were found. The best Cahokia point Ed found is located on the bottom row and eighth from the left. It's made of a beautiful red Kaolin chert from southern Illinois.